When people think of early 70's Latin/funk/rock, they invariably think of Parliament, War, Sly and the Family Stone, Earth, Wind and Fire and Santana. The name Mandrill, sadly, is hardly ever mentioned. This is a great shame, because Mandrill were equal to, if not much better than, any of these other bands. A US outfit, they were formed in New York in the late sixties by the Wilson Brothers, Carlos on flute/trombone/guitar/percussion and vocals, Louis on horns and vocals and R ick,on tenor sax. The other members were Omar Mesa on guitars, Claude "Coffe" Cave on keyboards, Bundie Cenac on bass and Charlie Padro on drums. They blew everybody away! Jazz, Funk, Blues, Salsa, Latin and African Rock, you name it, Mandrill's music encompassed it all. Their self-titled debut, our featured album, was absolutely awesome and it was a fine example of the greatness that was yet to come. It came the following year, also on Polydor Records. "Mandrill Is", released in March 1972, was Latin Rock at its best. The band's line-up remained the same as on the debut album, although by the time their third album, "Composite Truth" came out in 1973, b assist Fudgie Kaye had replaced Bundie Cenac. "Composite Truth" was the album that featured the hit "Fencewalk", a track covered by countless other bands over the years. They went on to release two further albums for Polydor, "Just outside of Town", also in 1973, and the magnificent double "Mandrilland" in 1974 before teaming up with United Artists records in 1975. Their debut album for their new label, "Solid", was one of their best albums. "Beast from the East", released in 1976, was another very good album from this consistently brilliant band, as was 1977's "We are one". Further albums were released on new label Arista Records. Both "New World" and "Getting in the Mood", their final album, released in 1980, saw Mandrill move more into a more soul/funk direction and were slightly disappointing when you were aware of how good they sounded when they combined rock in their music. Nevertheless, Mandrill were, as we mentioned earlier on, certainly one of the best around. Most of their Polydor era albums have now been released on CD and are a must for your collection. Hopefully the UA and Arista era stuff will follow soon, as will the great "Mandrilland". If you can't find the individual albums, a stunning double album, "Fencewalk - The Anthology", has been available since 1997. 

Mandrill 
Mandrill - Rollin' On, from "Mandrill", their debut album, released in 1971. When people think of early 70's Latin/funk/rock, they invariably think of Parliament, War, Sly and the Family Stone, Earth, Wind and Fire and Santana. The name Mandrill, sadly, is hardly ever mentioned. This is a great shame, because Mandrill were equal to, if not much better than, any of these other bands. A US outfit, they were formed in New York in the late sixties by the Wilson Brothers, Carlos on flute/trombone/guitar/percussion and vocals, Louis on horns and vocals and R ick,on tenor sax. The other members were Omar Mesa on guitars, Claude "Coffe" Cave on keyboards, Bundie Cenac on bass and Charlie Padro on drums. They blew everybody away! Jazz, Funk, Blues, Salsa, Latin and African Rock, you name it, Mandrill's music encompassed it all. Their self-titled debut, our featured album, was absolutely awesome and it was a fine example of the greatness that was yet to come. It came the following year, also on Polydor Records. "Mandrill Is", released in March 1972, was Latin Rock at its best. The band's line-up remained the same as on the debut album, although by the time their third album, "Composite Truth" came out in 1973, b assist Fudgie Kaye had replaced Bundie Cenac. "Composite Truth" was the album that featured the hit "Fencewalk", a track covered by countless other bands over the years. They went on to release two further albums for Polydor, "Just outside of Town", also in 1973, and the magnificent double "Mandrilland" in 1974 before teaming up with United Artists records in 1975. Their debut album for their new label, "Solid", was one of their best albums. "Beast from the East", released in 1976, was another very good album from this consistently brilliant band, as was 1977's "We are one". Further albums were released on new label Arista Records. Both "New World" and "Getting in the Mood", their final album, released in 1980, saw Mandrill move more into a more soul/funk direction and were slightly disappointing when you were aware of how good they sounded when they combined rock in their music. Nevertheless, Mandrill were, as we mentioned earlier on, certainly one of the best around. Most of their Polydor era albums have now been released on CD and are a must for your collection. Hopefully the UA and Arista era stuff will follow soon, as will the great "Mandrilland". If you can't find the individual albums, a stunning double album, "Fencewalk - The Anthology", has been available since 1997. 
  
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Biography by Steve Huey
One of funk's most progressive outfits, Mandrill paid the price for their ambitions in commercial returns — not that they never earned a reputation or an audience, but their expansive, eclectic vision often worked better when given an album's worth of room to roam, rather than being condensed into hit singles. Mandrill's jam-heavy brand of funk was liberally infused with Latin, Caribbean, and jazz influences, plus blues, psychedelia, African music, and straight-up rock. Their freewheeling approach was a definite influence on the Parliament-Funkadelic collective (an early incarnation of which actually served as their opening act), and their grooves have been sampled by numerous hip-hop acts in modern days.

Mandrill was formed in Brooklyn in 1968 by brothers Ric Wilson (sax, vocals), Lou Wilson (trumpet, vocals), and Carlos Wilson (trombone, vocals), all of whom were born in Panama and raised in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood by musically inclined parents. Ric Wilson had already taken up a career as a cardiologist when the group officially formed; the brothers had performed together for quite some time, rehearsing at the beauty salon where their mother worked. Taking their name from the variety of West African ape (because of its distinctive, colorful face and well-developed, family-oriented social organization), Mandrill soon added keyboardist Claude "Coffee" Cave, guitarist Omar Mesa, bassist Bundie Cenas, and drummer Charlie Padro. They signed with Polydor and released their eponymous debut album in 1970, displaying the influence of the burgeoning jazz-rock and Latin rock movements in addition to soul and funk. For the follow-up, 1972's Mandrill Is, Fudgie Kae Solomon replaced Cenas on bass, and the group scored its first hits with "Ape Is High" and "Git It All."

With new drummer Neftali Santiago, Mandrill scored their biggest hit with 1973's Composite Truth, which also produced their highest-charting single, "Fencewalk." This incarnation ranked as the classic Mandrill lineup, but didn't take long to splinter; after 1974's Just Outside of Town (which featured the hit "Mango Meat"), guitarist Mesa left (citing "spiritual reasons") and was replaced by Dougie Rodriguez, formerly of Santana. After the soundscape-heavy double-LP Mandrilland, disputes over the Wilson brothers' control of the band led to the departure of every non-Wilson member save for Claude Cave. Leaving Polydor, Mandrill cut two albums for United Artists with a session rhythm section over 1975-1976, and subsequently caught on with Arista. Their label debut, 1977's We Are One, proved to be their biggest hit since Composite Truth, spawning the club hits "Funky Monkey" and "Can You Get It"; it also marked the temporary return of Santiago on drums, the addition of another brother, Wilfredo "Wolf" Wilson, on bass, and the debut of guitarist Joaquin Jessup. Two more albums for Arista followed over the next two years (New Worlds and Getting in the Mood), and the band also handled the soundtracks for the Muhammad Ali flick The Greatest (1977) and the cult gang film The Warriors (1979). Mandrill went on to cut one more album, Energize!, for Montage in 1982 before disbanding. Fudgie Kae Solomon later died of a drug overdose. 

 

Claude Cave
Fudgie Kae
Omar Mesa
Charles Padro
Neftali Santiago
Carlos Wilson
Lou Wilson
Ric Wilson

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Eddie Hazel
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Chango
Black Sugar

If you have any contribution to make to this band or something to add, email me - Japie Marais.

 

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Mandrill - 1970 - Mandrill - 3/5

Mandrill - 1972 - Mandrill Is - 4/5

Mandrill - 1973 - Composite Truth - 4.5/5

Mandrill - 1973 - Just Outside of Town - 3/5

Mandrill - 1974 - Mandrilland - 3/5

Mandrill - 1975 - Solid - 2.5/5

Mandrill - 1976 - Beast From The East - 2.5/5

Mandrill - 1977 - We Are One - 2.5/5

Mandrill - 1978 - New Worlds - 2/5

Mandrill - 1980 - Getting In The Mood - 2/5

Mandrill - 1982 - Energize - 2/5

Mandrill - 2006 - Live at Montreux - 4/5

Rating

 

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