Irish outfit Horslips hailed from Dublin in the early seventies. Essentially a traditional Celtic outfit with rock undertones, they worked very hard to establish themselves in their homeland and released two moderately successful singles during 1972. They formed their own record company ( appropriately called Oats Records!), and released and distributed their debut album, "Happy to meet, sorry to part", themselves, in 1973. It was an enormous success in Ireland and was critically acclaimed in England too, where they signed a distribution deal with RCA Records.The album is generally recognised as a unique and highly innovative debut which entered new territory in the Celtic rock genre. Their follow-up album, "The Tain", was another strong album, and they toured England, supporting Steeleye Span, to promote it. A concept album, it was based on ancient Irish myth. Their distribution deal with RCA came to an end in the mid seventies, unfortunately, and a number of subsequent albums were once again distributed by their own company before they were signed to DJM Records, which released this stunning album, "Book of Invasions", as well as "Aliens", it's equally good companion. Horslips continued to tour and record well into the late seventies/early eighties, but it appears as if they faded into obscurity after their live "The Belfast Gigs" album. The core members were bassist Barry Devlin, guitarist John Fean, drummer Eamonn Carr and keyboard player Jim Flockhart, and they remained together since the very first album, with the odd guest musician giving their ten cents worth. Horslips were one of Ireland's best bands. All of their fifteen or so albums, including one or two compilations, are available on CD, and are certainly worth checking out. 
  
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Biography by Bruce Eder
At one point in the mid-1970s, Horslips bidded to be Ireland's answer to Steeleye Span. But they also had a shot at being the next Jethro Tull (only a better hard rock outfit), or maybe Genesis, or even Yes in its folkier moments. Those events never quite happened, but Horslips released a half dozen superb albums along the way, becoming Ireland's most acclaimed folk-rock and progressive band.

Horslips was founded in Dublin during 1970 as a quintet playing a brand of folk-based rock music whose only parallel could be found in the early work of Fairport Convention, who themselves had only been together for two or three years. Where Fairport freely mixed British and American folk and folk-rock traditions, however, Horslips drew on their distinctly Irish roots, and were capable of playing straight folk material when the moment called for it, but weren't afraid to turn up loud and hard, in the best art-rock style, on the right songs.

Barry Devlin (bass, vocals), Sean Fean (lead guitar, vocals) Eamonn Carr (drums, vocals), Charles O'Connor (violin, mandolin, vocals), and Jim Lockhart (flute, tin whistle, keyboards, vocals) sounded a bit at different moments like either Genesis or Jethro Tull, depending on the moment, and actually had stronger original material to draw from than Tull did. Fean, in particular, was equally good at playing soft folk-like passages and loud, ringing electric runs on his instrument, and could easily have held his own in a guitar duel with Martin Barre or Steve Howe, among others. But where Tull (after their first album) became exclusively a vehicle for Ian Anderson's wild-man flute antics and his complex, pretentious, satiric and scatological lyrical conceits, Horslips, until their final years, had ample room for each player to show what he did best, and no single member dominated the group. They spent three years gigging constantly in Dublin, tightening and honing their sound to a fine point, and formed their own record company, OATS, to produce and release their debut album, Happy to Meet, Sorry to Part, in 1973.

That first album, with its mixture of traditional Irish folk instruments and a hard art-rock sound recalling the sounds of Genesis from Nursery Cryme and Foxtrot, outsold the work of many established acts in Ireland, and led to a distribution deal with RCA and tours of England and continental Europe. With the release of their second album, The Tain — a concept album built on Irish mythological sources — in 1973, Horslips began finding an audience on the other side of the Atlantic as well. Their third album, Dancehall Sweethearts (1974), brought them to the United States and Canada on tour, and they followed this up with The Unfortunate Cup of Tea (1975). Neither of these albums was quite as strong as the first two, and both revealed more of a modern rock sound in their music and songwriting. The group returned to Ireland to take stock of who and what they were and what kind of music they would do.

Horslips returned to their roots with a Christmas album entitled To Drive the Cold Winter Away, released in 1976, which was recorded entirely on acoustic instruments. This record put them back in the center of the folk-rock boom of the 1970s, compared favorably with such English electric folk acts as Steeleye Span (with whom they toured) and Fairport Convention. Additionally, as an Irish electric folk-rock band, even though they weren't overtly political, Horslips hooked into the audience of younger Irish-Americans during a period of wide new ethnic consciousness-raising brought about by the renewed strife in Northern Ireland. They were no more than a cult phenomenon in the U.S.A., never remotely as popular as the Chieftains (who had a decade's head start and a ton of soundtrack appearances to promote their work), even with Atlantic Records releasing their mid-1970s albums, but it was a bigger cult than they would have had in the late 1960s.

In England and Ireland, however, Horslips was a highly successful act, sufficiently popular to justify cutting a double live album that perfectly captured their repertory of this period, if not their sound. The group's next studio record, The Book of Invasions (1977), subtitled "A Celtic Symphony," was, like The Tain, inspired by Irish mythology, this time the story of Tuatha De Danann's conquest of ancient pre-Christian Ireland. Released by Dick James's DJM label (which also picked up their earlier albums in England, as Atlantic had in America), this album marked their only entry on the British charts, at number 39, and also found a dedicated audience in progressive and folk-rock circles in America.

It was an enviable string of releases, but one that the group couldn't sustain. Their next album, Aliens, dealing with the lot of the Irish immigrants to America, was less inventive and exciting, and elicited far less enthusiasm from fans and critics. The odds-and-sods collection Tracks from the Vaults, released in Ireland, was a matter of marking time.

The Man Who Built America marked a major change in Horslips, which was now pretty much in the control of Barry Devlin and Jim Lockhart — Carr and Fean, with their more folk-oriented approach to music, took a back seat to a more mainstream rock sound. Two additional guitarists, Gus Guest and Declan Sinnott, turned up on the album, which sounded more American and less like Irish folk-based material than any of their prior works — the title track sounds more like John Cougar Mellencamp, or perhaps even Bruce Springsteen (with Lockhart's flute replacing Clarence's sax, and some gratuitous swirling keyboards) than the work of the group responsible for "The High Reel."

By this time, they were trying to compete in a wholly different idiom and arena, and there wasn't much left of the original Horslips. Short Stories — Tall Tales (1980) was the last of Horslips' original albums, and was followed by one more concert record culled from their final days, the hard-rocking Belfast Gigs.

Carr and Fean later worked together in an R&B-based band called Zen Alligator before reuniting with Charles O'Connor in a folk outfit called Host, and Fean has recorded with Nikki Sudden and Simon Carmody. Meanwhile, Horslips was the object of two retrospective collections released in Ireland and England. Fortunately for the group, they retained ownership of their music through the OATS label, and this helped facilitate their reissue on compact disc. 

 

Eamonn Carr
Barry Devlin
John Fean
Gus Guest
Jim Lockhart
Charles O'Connor
Declan Sinnott

Tempest Bootleg
Wolfstone
The Chieftains
Steve Howe
Fairport Convention
Yes
Genesis
Jethro Tull
Steeleye Span
Barclay James Harvest
Lindisfarne

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Horslips - 1973 - Happy to Meet, Sorry to Part - 4.5/5

Horslips - 1974 - Dance Hall Sweethearts - 4/5

Horslips - 1974 - The Tain - 4.5/5

Horslips - 1975 - Unfortunate Cup of Tea - 2/5

Horslips - 1976 - Drive the Cold Winter Away - 3/5

Horslips - 1977 - Aliens - 2/5

Horslips - 1977 - Live - 2/5

Horslips - 1977 - The Book Of Invasions, A Celtic Symphony - 4.5/5

Horslips - 1979 - The Man Who Built America - 2/5

Horslips - 1980 - Short Stories, Tall Tales - 3/5

Horslips - 1980 - The Belfast Gigs - 2/5

Horslips - 2000 - Invasions - 4/5

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