Biography
Born on 16 May 1944 in Panama, Billy Cobham began playing drums while growing up in New York, to where his family had moved while he was still a small child. During his military service years, he played in an army band and by the time of his discharge had achieved a high degree of proficiency. In the late sixties he played in The New York Jazz Sextet and with pianist Horace Silver, and in 1969, he formed the fusion outfit, Dreams, with Michael and Randy Brecker. He released two albums with Dreams, and the growing popularity of jazz/rock kept him very busy with recording dates, including some with the great Miles Davis. He later joined John McLaughlin's Mahavishnu Orchestra before embarking on what was to become a fairly successful solo career. He recorded his debut solo album with some pretty famous musicians, namely Jan Hammer on keyboards, Lee Sklar on bass, Joe Farrell on flute and soprano sax, Jimmy Owens on flugelhorn, John Tropea on guitar, Ron Carter on acoustic bass, Ray Barretto on congas, and, last but not least, Tommy Bolin on guitar. This track is, in fact, dedicated to Bolin, who destroyed his own life through substance abuse and died on 04 December 1976. A tragic loss of a truly gifted guitarist who was equally at home playing hard rock with Deep Purple, The James Gang, Moxy and Zephyr as he was playing jazz/rock with Energy, Alphonse Mouzon or Billy Cobham. Cobham, in the meantime, went on to record a series of impressively good albums, each as good as the next, establishing a solid reputation as one of the world's best drummers. Most of his solo albums are available on CD and are certainly worth adding to the collection, whether you're into rock or jazz.  

 

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Biography by Steve Huey
Generally acclaimed as fusion's greatest drummer, Billy Cobham's explosive technique powered some of the genre's most important early recordings — including groundbreaking efforts by Miles Davis and the Mahavishnu Orchestra — before he became an accomplished bandleader in his own right. At his best, Cobham harnessed his amazing dexterity into thundering, high-octane hybrids of jazz complexity and rock & roll aggression. He was capable of subtler, funkier grooves on the one hand, and awe-inspiring solo improvisations on the other; in fact, his technical virtuosity was such that his flash could sometimes overwhelm his music. After debuting as a leader with the classic Spectrum in 1973, Cobham spent most of fusion's glory days recording for Atlantic; briefer stints on CBS, Elektra, and GRP followed, and by the mid-'80s, Cobham was de-emphasizing his own bands in favor of session and sideman work. Even so, he continued to record for various small labels with some regularity.

William C. Cobham was born May 16, 1944, in Panama, where as a very young child he became fascinated with the percussion instruments his cousins played. When Cobham was three, his family moved to New York City, and at age eight he made his performance debut with his father. He honed his percussion skills in a drum-and-bugle corps outfit called the St. Catherine's Queensmen, and attended New York's prestigious High School of Music and Art, graduating in 1962. From 1965 to 1968, he served as a percussionist in the U.S. Army Band, and after his release, he was hired as the new drummer in hard bop pianist Horace Silver's band. Cobham toured the U.S. and Europe with Silver in 1968, and also moonlighted with Stanley Turrentine, Shirley Scott, and George Benson. After eight months with Silver, Cobham departed to join the early jazz-rock combo Dreams in 1969, which also featured the Brecker brothers and guitarist John Abercrombie. From there, he landed a job in Miles Davis' new fusion ensemble, and played a small part in the seminal Bitches Brew sessions; he also appeared more prominently on several other Davis albums of the time, including more aggressive classics like Live-Evil and A Tribute to Jack Johnson.

Cobham and guitarist John McLaughlin split off from Davis' group to pursue a harder rocking brand of fusion in the Mahavishnu Orchestra, which debuted in 1971 with the seminal The Inner Mounting Flame. With Mahavishnu, Cobham's fiery intensity was given its fullest airing yet, and his extraordinary technique influenced not only countless fusioneers in his wake, but also quite a few prog rock drummers who were aiming for similarly challenging musical territory. The 1972 follow-up Birds of Fire cemented his reputation, and by this time he had also become something of an unofficial in-house drummer for Creed Taylor's CTI label, known for a smoother, more polished style of fusion; here Cobham backed musicians like George Benson, Stanley Turrentine, Freddie Hubbard, Hubert Laws, and Grover Washington, Jr. Unfortunately, the volatile group chemistry that made Mahavishnu's recordings so exciting also carried over into real life and the original lineup disbanded in 1973.

Deciding to make a go of it on his own, Cobham formed his own band, Spectrum (which initially featured ex-Mahavishnu cohort Jan Hammer on keyboards), and signed with Atlantic. His debut as a leader, also called Spectrum, was released in 1973, showcasing an exciting blend of jazz, funk, and rock that benefited from the presence of guitarists John Scofield and Tommy Bolin (the latter better known for his rock recordings); it also found Cobham experimenting a bit with electronic percussion. Spectrum is still generally acknowledged as the high point of Cobham's solo career, and holds up quite well today. Cobham followed Spectrum with a series of LPs on Atlantic that, like fusion itself, grew increasingly smoother and more commercial as the '70s wore on. For his second album, 1974's Crosswinds, ex-Dreams mate John Abercrombie joined the band, as did keyboardist George Duke, who would become a frequent Cobham collaborator over the years; that same year's performance at Montreux produced the live Shabazz. After Total Eclipse, Cobham moved more explicitly into commercial jazz-funk with 1975's A Funky Thide of Sings, which featured an expanded horn section. He pared the group back down for the improved Life and Times in 1976, and also played Montreux again, in tandem with Duke.

In 1977, Cobham switched to the CBS label, which set him firmly on the path of commercial accessibility. In addition to his records as a leader, he'd remained highly active as a session drummer, and began to focus on that side of his career even more in the late '70s. By 1980, he was done with CBS and began pursuing side opportunities, playing live with the Grateful Dead and Jack Bruce, as well as the Saturday Night Live band. He drummed for the Grateful Dead side project Bobby & the Midnites in 1982, and recorded three albums for Elektra in the early '80s with his new quartet the Glass Menagerie. During the mid-'80s, he cut three commercially oriented LPs for GRP, and spent the next few years stepping up his international touring and absorbing a healthy dose of world music. He played Peter Gabriel's 1992 WOMAD Festival, and the following year recorded The Traveler, inspired by a sojourn in Brazil. In 1996, he formed a more acoustic-oriented quartet called Nordic with three Norwegian musicians; the following year, he also started a German-based fusion outfit called Paradox. In 1998, Cobham began playing with a group called Jazz Is Dead, which devoted itself to jazz reinterpretations of Grateful Dead material; their album Blue Light Rain proved fairly popular among Deadheads. As Cobham maintained his touring, session, and bandleading activities, Rhino released the excellent two-CD retrospective Rudiments: The Billy Cobham Anthology in 2001. 

 

 

Lenny White
Tony Williams
Narada Michael Walden
Simon Phillips
Jack DeJohnette
Bill Bruford

 

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Billy Cobham - 1973 - Spectrum - 4/5

Billy Cobham - 1974 - Crosswinds - 3/5

Billy Cobham - 1974 - Shabazz - 2.5/5

Billy Cobham - 1974 - Total Eclipse - 2.5/5

Billy Cobham - 1975 - A Funky Thide of Sings - 2/5

Billy Cobham - 1976 - Life & Times - 2/5

Billy Cobham - 1976 - Live on Tour in Europe (Import) - 3/5

Billy Cobham - 1977 - Alivemutherforya - 3/5

Billy Cobham - 1977 - Inner Conflicts - 4/5

Billy Cobham - 1977 - Magic - 2.5/5

Billy Cobham - 1977 - Simplicity of Expression, Depth of Thought - 2/5

Billy Cobham - 1979 - B.C. - 2/5

Billy Cobham - 1980 - Live Flight Time - 4.5/5

Billy Cobham - 1981 - Stratus - 4/5

Billy Cobham - 1982 - Smokin' - 4/5

Billy Cobham - 1985 - Warning - 2/5

Billy Cobham - 1986 - Power Play - 2/5

Billy Cobham - 1987 - Picture This - 2.5/5

Billy Cobham - 1993 - The Traveler - 4/5

Billy Cobham - 1997 - Paradox - 4/5

Billy Cobham - 1998 - Mississippi Nights, Live - 4/5

Billy Cobham - 1999 - By Design - 2.5/5

Billy Cobham - 1999 - Focused - 4/5

Billy Cobham - 1999 - Nordic - 2.5/5

Billy Cobham - 2000 - Live on Tour in Europe - 3/5

Billy Cobham - 2001 - The Art of Three - 4/5

Billy Cobham - 2002 - Many Years B.C. - 4/5

Billy Cobham - 2004 - Art of Five - 4/5

Billy Cobham - 2004 - Colours - 4/5

Rating

 

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